Bridging visas in Australia are quite complex, not because they are difficult to apply for, but because of how they operate.
Most of the time, bridging visas are granted if you are waiting for your substantive visa application to be processed whilst you are in Australia.
The types of bridging visa granted will also depend on your circumstances in Australia.
!!Bridging visas are temporary visas. They have a period of validity as well as visa conditions!!
So how do you apply for a bridging visa in Australia and what does it mean to have a bridging visa in Australia? This article explains the different types of bridging visa Australia, when you need or can apply for them and important things to note.
What are the Different Types of Bridging Visas in Australia?
Bridging Visa A – BVA (subclass 010)
Bridging visa A Australia is the most common bridging visa as this is “automatically” granted when you apply for another substantive visa whilst you are in Australia. It allows you to stay after your current substantive visa ceases and while your substantive visa application is being processed.
Example: Laura applied for a Partner Visa in January 2018. She has been granted a BVA a week after. Her current student visa expires the 15th March 2018. The conditions of the BVA will apply from the 16th of March 2018.
Important things to note about a Bridging visa A Australia:
- A BVA does not let you return to Australia if you leave. It does not come with permission to travel.
- A BVA will end immediately if you are granted the substantive visa you applied for.
- A BVA will end immediately if you are granted another Bridging visa Australia (e.g. BVB) in relation to the same substantive visa application that this BVA is associated with.
Example: Laura’s BVA is in effect and she applies for a BVB to travel on 1st of June. Her BVA will end once her BVB is granted.
- A BVA normally inherits the same visa conditions as your previous visa, with some exceptions, depending on the visa you are applying for.
Example: Once Laura’s BVA comes into effect, Laura will have full work and study rights as she had applied for an onshore Partner visa.
Bridging Visa B – BVB (subclass 020)
If you are currently on a Bridging Visa A and want to travel out of Australia, you will need to apply for a Bridging Visa B Australia. The BVB allows you to leave Australian and return while your visa application is being processed.
Important things to note about a Bridging visa B Australia:
- The BVB allows you to travel until a specific date.
- You will not be granted a BVB if you are planning to travel and return before your (current) visa expires.
Example: Laura will not be granted a BVB if she travels on the 1st of March and returns on 10th of March.
- The BVB condition will specify whether you will be allowed to work with no restrictions (with some exceptions, depending on the visa you are applying for).
Example: Laura will have full work and study rights when her BVB is granted as she had applied for an onshore Partner visa.
- You should only apply for a BVB no more than 3 months and no less than 2 weeks before the intended travel date.
- The BVB costs $145.
Bridging Visa C – BVC (subclass 030)
The Bridging Visa C Australia will be granted if you have lodged a valid substantive visa in Australia, but you do not hold a current substantive visa. This applies if you have overstayed your visa and become unlawful but have then lodged a valid visa application in Australia.
Important things to note about the Bridging Visa C Australia:
- A BVC does not come with permission to travel. If you travel your BVC will cease immediately.
- BVC holder cannot be granted a BVB.
- The BVC that is granted when you apply for your substantive visa will not allow you to work unless the substantive visa that you had applied for is one of the following:
- Skilled Independent visa (sc. 189)
- Skilled Nominated visa (sc. 190)
- Skilled Regional (Provisional) visa (sc. 489)
- Business Talent visa (sc. 132)
- Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) visa (sc. 188)
- Business Innovation and Investment (Permanent) visa (sc. 888)
- Employer Nomination Scheme visa (sc. 186)
- Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (sc. 187)
- If your BVC does not allow you to work or has restrictions on working, you can apply for another BVC that lets you work by demonstrating financial hardship.
- There is no application fee for BVC.
Bridging Visa D – BVD (subclass 040-041)
The Bridging Visa D Australia is a temporary visa that allows you to remain lawfully in Australia for a short period until you are able to apply for a substantive visa or are granted a Bridging Visa E in Australia.
There are two types of Bridging Visa D Australia:
- Bridging (Prospective Applicant) visa (subclass 040). This subclass will be granted to you if all the following apply:
- you are in Australia
- you do not hold an Australian visa, or you hold an Australian visa but it will end in the next three working days after the day you had applied for the BVD
- you were unable to apply for a substantive visa due to reasons such as, you did not pay the correct application fee, or you had filled out the wrong application form.
- Bridging (Non-applicant) visa (subclass 041). This subclass will be granted to you if all the following apply:
- you are in Australia
- you do not hold a visa
- you are either unable to or do not want to apply for a substantive visa
- an authorised officer is not available to interview you.
Important things to note about the Bridging Visa D Australia:
- A BVD does not allow you to work.
- A BVD will not allow you to re-enter Australia if you leave.
- A BVD (subclass 040) will cease at the end of five working days after it was granted.
- A BVD (subclass 041) will cease at the end of five working days after it was granted, OR, if you are granted a BVE within those five days.
- There is no application fee for BVD.
Bridging Visa E (BVE)
A Bridging Visa E Australia allows you to remain in Australia lawfully while you make arrangements to leave Australia, finalise any immigration matter, OR you are waiting for a decision by a court on an appeal ( AAT decision) or Ministerial Intervention decision.
Important things to note about Bridging Visa E Australia:
- There are two types of BVE:
- Bridging (General) Visa E (subclass 050) – generally, this might be granted if you are currently unlawful, the holder of a BVE subclass 050 or the holder of a BVD subclass 040.
2. Bridging (Protection Visa Applicant) Visa E (subclass 051) – used in limited circumstances. This might be granted if you were refused immigration clearance, OR bypassed immigration clearance and came to the department’s notice within 45 days AND;
a) You are in immigration detention
b) You have applied for a protection visa
c) You meet other specific requirements relating to age, health or nomination, or you meet the requirements for a further BVE (subclass 051).
- BVE will end immediately if you leave and you will not be able to return unless you have another substantive visa.
- Your BVE grant letter will tell you if you have work and/or study rights. You can apply for another BVE to request for study and/or work rights with submissions explaining why the department should grant you these rights.
- There is no application charge for a BVE.
How can Crux Migration help?
Bridging visas in Australia can be complex. It’s important that you comply and understand your visa condition.
Agape Henry Crux (formally known as Crux Migration) can help you understand the requirements and your rights involved with the bridging visa, and assess your situation to define the visa option/s that you may be eligible for. Book a consultation with one of our Migration Agents who will go through requirements, implications, processes and any costs involved with you.